Gede Primahadi Wijaya Rajeg
  • Fakultas Ilmu Budaya


The important thing is to not stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing (Albert Einstein)

If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants (Isaac Newton, 1675)

Two roads diverged in a wood, and I ---

I took the one less travelled by,

And that has made all the difference (from The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost, 1916)

News and updates: I have been awarded the 2019 Faculty of Arts Outstanding PhD thesis — High Commendation for my PhD thesis completed at the Linguistics and Applied Linguistics (LAL) Program, Monash University, Australia ··· I have been invited by the Linguistic Society of Indonesia (Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia) to deliver a lecture on "Pengantar Linguistik Korpus: Perpaduan Pendekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif" (in collaboration with Karlina Denistia and Prihantoro), as a part of the online lecture series on Indonesian Linguistics on 17 October 2020 ··· I have been invited to deliver a guest lecture on "Kajian Linguistik Kognitif: Konsep dan Teori" at the Linguistics Department of Universitas Sumatra Utara (USU), Indonesia in October 2020 ··· My co-authored paper with Karlina Denistia and Simon Musgrave, titled Vector Space Models and the usage patterns of Indonesian denominal verbs, has just been published open-access in NUSA for the special issue Linguistic Studies Using Large Annotated Corpora ··· My co-authored proceedings paper with I Made Rajeg and I Wayan Arka, titled Contrasting the semantics of Indonesian -kan and -i verb pairs: A usage-based, constructional approach, has just been published open-access (see my figshare profile)

Language Nerd xkcd

topic: language nerd; source: xkcd

On research

I am interested in how figurative, metaphoric languages reveal the way we conceptualise our experiences with the world, such as EMOTIONS, TIME, inter alia. To pursue this goal, I work within a broader framework known as Cognitive Linguistics, including the Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Frame Semantics approach to metaphor (MetaNet). My other interest is investigating aspects of Indonesian linguistics from the usage-based, constructionist perspective. Methodologically, I combine the computational technique and quantitative corpus linguistics by looking at empirical data from large language databases (the so-called language corpora). I use R programming language as the main research tool for all things data science in linguistics

All these research interests in one way or another have manifested in my Bachelor's, Master's, and PhD theses. One of the topics discussed in my PhD is about how emotion near-synonyms, in this case, HAPPINESS in Indonesian, show distinct, statistical preferences to be described by certain metaphors than the others, suggesting the different meanings/semantics associated with the synonyms (cf. data and codes for my PhD thesis as an R package here). The topics relate to a theoretical assumption in the cognitive approach to emotion semantics (cf. Kövecses 1990) that emotions, including those near-synonyms, are associated with specific metaphors, distinguishing them from one another. The Indonesian paper discussing a part of such analyses can be downloaded here (check out also my 2017 invited interview for SBS Radio Australia [in Indonesian] about this topic).

topic: happiness; source: 9gag

Recently, I begin to explore other empirical methods, such as experimental linguistics and gestural observation, as a way to find convergence/divergence between different types of evidence (i.e. corpus-linguistic and non-linguistic/behavioural evidence). My preliminary research along these lines include (i) investigating co-speech gestures accompanying temporal language (with Poppy Siahaan and Alice Gaby); (ii) investigating usage patterns of Indonesian INGESTION predicates based on the corpus data and sentence elicitation results (with I Made Rajeg and John Newman); and (iii) investigating the interaction of grammatical voice of words and their metaphoric meanings in Indonesian (with I Made Rajeg and I Wayan Arka), using quantitative corpus linguistic approach (and the sentence elicitation is a work-in-progress; cf. here for more details).

Visit my Figshare profiles (Personal Figshare and for further details on my research outputs (all #OpenAccess). 

Beyond research

Since June 2019, I am one of the Figshare ambassadors in/from Indonesia. I strive to foster open-science mindset and practice, especially for linguistics in Indonesia (cf. my one-page popular article [with Megan Hardeman] about my story and some of the impact of doing open science) (see the infographic on "The Rise of Open Access").


topic:; source: xkcd

In relation to my interest in open-science, I have been supporting and following the updates on how assessment towards researchers and their research outputs should be improved by not solely relying on (i) skewed metrics, such as the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) and/or H-index, and (ii) the venue in which research output is published (every academics nowadays should have read the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (SF DORA) and the Leiden Manifesto for more details).

I am also a certified instructor (under the name "Gede Rajeg") to teach The Carpentries lessons, especially the R programming language. I received my Carpentries certification in 2018 when I was a member of the instructor team at Monash Data Fluency for Research (2018 - 2019), where I helped co-teach basic coding skills (esp. R) for Monash University researchers and beyond.

Since April 2020, I run a YouTube channel for Indonesian and English content on linguistics-related topics and other digital research tools.


Online Linguistics Classes of the Linguistic Society of Indonesia 

I will be co-delivering an online lecture with Karlina Denistia and Prihantoro as part of the Online Linguistics Class series by the Linguistic Society of Indonesia. Our class is about introductory corpus linguistic method as the combination of qualitative and quantitative analytical approach. See the flyer below or here. REGISTER HERE! Slots are limited!

Inaugural Corpus Linguistics course

I develop a new course on Corpus Linguistics in the Odd semester 2020 for the Linguistics Doctoral Program at Udayana University (I team-up with A/Prof I Wayan Arka in this course). I have prepared video tutorials (in Indonesian) on corpus linguistic tools for this class; the latest one is on AntConc (Anthony 2019). The other tutorials are for WebCorp and Indonesian Leipzig Corpora (see the playlist below). The course also features a guest lecture by Prof. Dr. Martin Hilpert (University of Neuchâtel) (24 November 2020 at 3pm Indonesian Central Time [WITA]) as part of the Sharing Session on #Linguistics series that I convene.


AntConc Tutorial (Rajeg 2020a)

WebCorp Tutorial (Rajeg 2020b)

Indonesian Leipzig Corpora tutorial (Rajeg 2020c)

BIT TALK at BIT SCHOOL - "Coding untuk Anak Sastra? Perlu Banget!"

In this talk, I discuss and showcase the importance and advantage of having coding skill for data science, like using R, for students and researchers in the Humanities, especially in Language Sciences.

Batch 2 for "Data Analytics in Action I - Practical data analysis and visualisation with R"

This R class goes regular in BIT-SCHOOL! (see the introductory video below the flyer) It will run for four days during the week. Check the available data science courses at BIT-SCHOOL.

Modul pelatihan - Introduction to R for Windows and macOS

For this module (Anggraini, Sukmawaty, & Rajeg 2020), I was invited to contribute to the chapters on installing R and RStudio for macOS. The module is part of the introductory workshop on R organised by Komunitas R Borneo and the Department of Statistics, Lambung Mangkurat University, Kalimantan, supported by R-Ladies Jakarta (@RLadiesJakarta).

Kicking-off the "Data Analytics in Action - Practical data analysis and visualisation with R" class

I have been invited for the second time (after last year), now to teach 8-day online workshop on Practical data analysis and visualisation with R at BIT-SCHOOL, a part of BIT-HOUSE. The class started on 29 June 2020, with four lecturers from Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Udayana also joined the class.

Bagaimana membuat luaran riset lebih terbuka (How to share research output more openly)

This was a live, virtual chat-over-coffee between Indonesian Figshare ambassadors regarding open science in a nutshell. We chatted about the idea that 21st-century research outputs are varied, ranging from (analysis) codes, dataset, presentation slides, figures, map, and pre-print, among many others; they are all valuable in their own way (e.g., sharing analysis codes and data of a given study allows others to verify, replicate, reproduce, and expand what that study has addressed and presented--this is how science progresses and evolves). Thus, present-day research output is not simply what many academics traditionally believe to be, namely research article, though it is still one, core component of the research process. Check out San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (SF DORA) and the Leiden Manifesto (here and here) regarding the nature of research output in modern science and how status-quo in research assessment needs to adapt to this development.

The 25th International Lexical-Functional Grammar Conference

Here is our pre-recorded talk for the LFG20 (see Rajeg, Rajeg, & Arka 2020). We provide quantitative corpus evidence that active and passive constructions show statistical differences in the preferred, predominant meaning they expressed. We studied different forms of verbs based on kena '(got) hit'. The upshot of our study is that passive construction with a given verb (i) is not always derived from, and expresses the same meaning as, its presumed active counterpart, but (ii) can show idiosyncrasy and usage preferences in the predominant meaning it expresses (see the full playlist of LFG20 talks).

Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Research Talk (FReTalk)

Below is a recording of my latest presentation (in Indonesian) at the Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Research Talk (FReTalk) (part 2). The talk draws on my co-authored paper (with Karlina Denistia and Simon Musgrave) that is recently published open-access in NUSA (data and code as an R Notebook are also published open-access). We discussed the Vector Space Model (Turney & Pantel 2010) and its application to investigate semantic (dis)similarity and cluster of Indonesian denominal verbs with meN-, meN-/-kan, and meN-/-i affixes (see more videos on the Gallery).

Webinar on Finding publications and managing references

Check out my recent joint talk (on 20th of May 2020) with Joey Lovestrand (SOAS University of London) in a webinar about finding publications and managing references. The webinar was organised by Pusat Kajian Bahasa dan Budaya (PKBB) Universitas Katolik Atma Jaya, Jakarta (see more videos in the Gallery).

Below is one of the tutorials on Zotero accompanying the webinar at PKBB Atma Jaya (full, related playlists for Zotero, and a starter for inserting references and bibliography in R Markdown Notebook(see more videos in the Gallery).

Webex and OASE (Moodle) workshop at the Faculty of Arts, Udayana University

I also made several tutorials for Webex Conference and OASE (Universitas Udayana's moodle site) during the #workfromhome stage in the Covid-19 pandemic. Here is one of them for the topics of OASE grade book (see more videos in the Gallery).

Full playlist can be accessed here (see more videos in the Gallery). Check out also other OASE playlist prepared by our team at the Faculty of Arts, Udayana University, on the occasion of the online workshop for OASE organised by Faculty of Arts (see more videos in the Gallery).